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Enoch And Qumran Origins: New Light On A Forgotten Connection
Edited by Gabriele Boccaccini from the Italy Enoch Seminar 2003 Venice
From The Publisher:
The rediscovery of Enochic Judaism as an ancient movement of dissent within Second Temple Judaism, a movement centered on neither temple nor torah, is a major achievement of contemporary research. After being marginalized, ancient Enoch texts have reemerged as a significant component of the Dead Sea Scrolls library unearthed at Qumran.
Enoch and Qumran Origins is the first comprehensive treatment of the complex and forgotten relations between the Qumran community and the Jewish group behind the pseudepigraphal literature of Enoch. The contributors demonstrate that the roots of the Qumran community are to be found in the tradition of the Enoch group rather than that of the Jerusalem priesthood.
Framed by Gabriele Boccaccini’s introduction and James Charlesworth’s conclusion, this book examines the hypotheses of five particularly eminent scholars, resulting in an engaging and substantive discussion among forty-seven specialists from nine countries. The exceptional array of essays from leading international scholars in Second Temple Judaism and Christian origins makes Enoch and Qumran Origins a sine qua non for serious students of this period.
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About the Editor
Gabriele Boccaccini is professor of Second Temple Judaism and Christian origins at the University of Michigan and director of the Enoch Seminar, a biennial international conference on the Enoch literature.
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION: From the Enoch Literature to Enochic Judaism
PART ONE: DREAM VISIONS AND DANIEL
Enoch's Dream Visions and the Visions of Daniel Reexamined
The Sociological Context of the Dream Visions of Daniel and 1 Enoch
Dream Visions and Apocalyptic Milieus
The Animal Apocalypse and Daniel
The Covenantal Theology of the Apocalyptic Book of Daniel
Comparing the Groups Behind Dream Visions and Daniel: A Brief Note
The "One Like a Son of Man" (Dan 7:13) and the Royal Ideology
"One Like a Son of Man": Innuendoes of a Heavenly Individual
Response: The Apocalyptic Worldview of Daniel
REFERENCES TO PART ONE
PART TWO: ENOCH AND JUBILEES
Jubilees — Read as a Narrative
The LXX and Enoch: Influence and Interpretation in Early Jewish Literature
A Literary Dependency of Jubilees on 1 Enoch?
"Revealed Literature" in the Second Century B.C.E.:
Jubilees and 1 Enoch and the Issue of Transmission of Knowledge
4Q390, the 490-Year Prophecy, and the Calendrical History of the Second Temple Period
Synchronizing Worship: Jubilees as a Tradition for the Qumran Community
"The Days of Sukkot of the Month of Kislev":
Jubilees and Sectarianism
Denouncement Speech in Jubilees and Other Enochic Literature
The Historical-Cultural Background of the Book of Jubilees
Enoch and Jubilees
Apocalypticism and the Religion and Ritual of the "Pre-Sinaitic" Narratives
3 Enoch and the Enoch Tradition
Response: Jubilees and Enoch
REFERENCES TO PART TWO
PART THREE: THE APOCALYPSE OF WEEKS
History as a Battlefield of Two Antagonistic Powers in the Apocalypse of Weeks and in the Rule of the Community
Reflection on Ideology and Date of the Apocalypse of Weeks
The Enochic Circles, the Hasidim, and the Qumran Community
The Apocalypse of Weeks and the Architecture of the End Time
The Plant Metaphor in Its Inner-Enochic and Early Jewish Context
The Apocalypse of Weeks and the Epistle of Enoch
Evaluating the Discussions concerning the Original Order of Chapters 91–93 and Codicological Data Pertaining to 4Q212 and Chester Beatty XII Enoch
The Greek Fragments of Enoch from Qumran Cave 7
Response: Context, Text, and Social Setting of the Apocalypse of Weeks
REFERENCES TO PART THREE
PART FOUR: THE GRONINGEN HYPOTHESIS REVISITED
The Groningen Hypothesis: Strengths and Weaknesses
Reflections on the Groningen Hypothesis
Sealing Some Cracks in the Groningen Foundation
The Yahad Is More Than Qumran
Digging among the Roots of the Groningen Hypothesis
One "Methodological Assumption" of the Groningen Hypothesis of Qumran Origins
The Translation of NDMW and Its Significance for the Groningen Hypothesis
Comments concerning the "Qumran-Essenes" Hypothesis
The Essenes and Qumran, the Teacher and the Wicked Priest, the Origins
Qumran: The Headquarters of the Essenes or a Marginal Splinter Group?
Response: The Groningen Hypothesis Revisited
REFERENCES TO PART FOUR
PART FIVE: THE ENOCHIC-ESSENE HYPOTHESIS REVISITED
Theodicy and the Problem of the "Intimate Enemy"
Interrogating "Enochic Judaism": 1 Enoch as Evidence for Intellectual History, Social Realities, and Literary Tradition
Enoch, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Essenes: Groups and Movements in Judaism in the Early Second Century B.C.E.
From "Communities of Texts" to Religious Communities: Problems and Pitfalls
Enochians, Essenes, and Qumran Essenes
Beyond Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: Some Observations on the Qumran Zadokite Priesthood
Some Archaeological, Sociological, and Cross-Cultural Afterthoughts on the "Groningen" and the "Enochic-Essene" Hypotheses
Complicating the Notion of an "Enochic Judaism"
Enoch, Moses, and the Essenes
Too Far Beyond the Essene Hypothesis?
Some Remarks on the Parting of the Ways
History of the Earliest Enochic Texts
Different Bibles for Different Groups?
Essenes, Qumran, and Christian Origins
Response: Texts, Intellectual Movements, and Social Groups
REFERENCES TO PART FIVE
Summary and Conclusions:
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